You know you have damaged hair when it is difficult to manage and looks dull or frizzy. Whilst difficult to fix, good hair care and some specific treatments can improve the way the hair looks and feels. Here we look at some of the techniques and treatments for damaged hair, as well as gentle shampoos, conditioners and styling products to help bring your wrecked tresses back to life.
Hair tends to be most damaged toward the tips since it is the oldest and most affected by the effects of damaging products. A healthy trim with lays can help your damaged hair look better and followed up with restorative shampoo and conditioner, your hair will be more manageable. If you are brave, a bob or pixie cut can get rid of all the damaged hair at once.
The chemicals in hair dye can dry out hair, making it coarse to the touch. Using bleach hair to make it lighter before adding colour, can add to the damage. If your hair is very damaged, reconsider using any dye for the time being.
Olive oil can help soften the hair and replenish much-needed moisture, though it is best to wait a few days after the colouring before using this treatment. Also helpful is to wash hair it less frequently and only with shampoos formulated for dyed hair, rinsing with cool water. These products are formulated to hold in the dye, so the colour lasts longer, and hair feels and looks better. Shampooing too frequently can strip damaged hair and create brittleness, so a maximum of twice a week, using a gentle shampoo with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5 is best, with a dry shampoo in between washes.
Professionals recommend you choose a dye within three shades of your natural colour and choose to go darker rather than lighter to limit the damage to the hair. You can also such as ammonia-free and demi-permanent formulas. If you choose a colour that is further along the colour spectrum, these are more difficult to maintain and need to be touched up more often. Ideally, touch-ups should be between eight and 10 weeks between touch-ups, with longer time if possible.
Blow dryers, curling irons or straightening make the hair more porous, which increases the risk of damage. Heat protection products can help reduce the damage from hairdryers if you must use one and holding the dryer 15 centimetres away from the hair is recommended and keep on the lowest setting. Limit the time you use heated tools directly on your hair and make sure your hair is totally dry before you use them
For hair damaged by heat, coconut oil is a remedy that hydrates the hair from the inside out and at the same time replenishes the protective oils on the outside of the hair, reducing the risk of heat damage. Treatment masks worn for an hour under a shower cap and that contain moisturisers like aloe vera, glycerol, panthenol or proteins are also good, with active components such as macadamia nut oil, argan oil or shea butter that help repair damaged hair, making it look healthier and thicker.
The recommendation of the experts it to use heat hairstyling tools no more than once a week and to air dry hair at other times, embracing your hair’s natural texture and style.